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Regional History
Northwest and Arctic
Suggested Readings

Alaska Whales and Whaling, Alaska Geographic Society, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1979
A brief history of commercial whaling in Alaskan waters is presented. Whales found in Alaskan waters are described and are accompanied by photographs and drawings. There is also a discussion of contemporary Eskimo whaling and the controversy over the International Whaling Commission's whale quotas.

Alaska Wilderness: Exploring the Central Brooks Range, Robert Marshall. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970.
Marshall was among the first naturalists to explore the Brooks Range. He writes about the land and the people who lived in the Koyukuk River drainage during the 1930s.

The Brooks Range: Environmental Watershed. Alaska Geographic Society, Vol. 4, , No.2 , 1977.
Looks at early exploration and controversy over uses for the region including Native land claims, recreation, proposed national parks, and development of resources.

Captain's Papers, As Told To Eleanor Ransom Mayhew by Captain Ellsworth Luce West. Barre, Massachusetts: Barre Publishers, 1965.
A whaling captain tells of wintering at Herschel Island in 1895-1896. Later, he purchased the steamer Corwin and was involved in coastal trade in the Bering Sea. The book has information about the tin mines at York, trade with Siberia, and numerous whaling voyages.

Daughter of the Gold Rush, Klondy Nelson. New York: Random House, 1958.
The first chapters of this autobiography tell of life as a child in Seward Peninsula gold camps. The remainder of the book is about life as wife of a fish and game officer, travels in Interior Alaska, and life in Fairbanks before World War II.

Fifty Years Below Zero, A Lifetime of Adventure in the Far North, Charles D. Brower. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1942.
Brower was not yet 21 when he joined a Pacific Steam Whaling Company crew late in the nineteenth century. Brower married an Eskimo woman and spent the rest of his life as a whaler and trader, known as King of the Arctic."

The Great Ice Ship Bear: Eighty-nine Years in Polar Seas, Polly Burroughs. New York: Van Norstrand Reinhold Company, 1970.
A summary of the men who sailed the Bear and their adventures in Alaskan waters.

I am Eskimo, Aknik My Name, Paul Green. Juneau: Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, 1959.
Paul Green, or Aknik his Eskimo name, was born in 1901 in Kotzebue. He tells of hunting whales, muskrat, and other arctic animals. Eskimo legends are included. Line drawings were done by Eskimo artist George Ahgupuk.

Ice Bound Summer, Sally Carrighar. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1953.
A naturalist's observations of wildlife in the Norton Sound area. There are chapters about bear, fox, seal, loons, owls, lemmings, and beluga whales, with descriptions of their habitats.

The Kotzebue Basin, Alaska Geographic Society, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1981.
An excellent introduction to the land and people who live around Kotzebue Sound and along the Kobuk and Noatak rivers. A section is devoted to the prehistoric people of the region. Several other sections address the history of the area. Still others describe the natural riches

The Last of the Few, Kaare Rodahl. New York: Harper and Row, 1963.
Rodahl was a physician who went to North west and Arctic Alaska at the close of World War II to study why Northwest and Arctic Eskimos could survive the cold. He describes life in Kotzebue and other Northwest and Arctic Alaska communities in the late 1940s and 1950s.

Scotty Allan: King of the Dog-Team Drivers, Shannon Garst. New York: Messner, Incorporated, 1946.
The establishment of the annual All Alaska Sweepstakes Race from Nome to Candle is described from the perspective of one of Alaska's best-known mushers. Life in Nome during the early twentieth century is remembered.

Sevukakmet: Ways of Life on St. Lawrence Island, Helen Skwooko Carius. Anchorage: Alaska Pacific University Press, 1979.
The book describes people's lives on St. Lawrence Island before and after the missionaries and traders came. The author was born on the island. Line drawings of homes, utensils, animals, and clothing are also by the author.

Steam Whaling in the Western Arctic, John A. Bockstoce. New Bedford, Massachusetts: Old Dartmouth Historical Society, 1977.
Bowhead whale hunting from 1880 to its decline 30 years later is detailed. Excellent photographs of whaling ships are included. A section is devoted to the design and construction of steam whalers. Drawings and brief biographies detail the steam-powered ships engaged in what ing in Northwest and Arctic Alaska.

A Whaler and Trader in the Arctic, 1895-1944: My Life with the Bowhead, Arthur James Allen. Anchorage: Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, 1978.
Jim Allen began writing about his adven tures in Arctic Alaska in 1937 . From letters and memories, family members finished the story and got it published. Allen brings historical events to life. He describes life as a crew member during various whaling voyages in the 1890s, wintering in the Arctic-both when it was planned and not planned, and living in Northwest and Arctic Alaska during the 1910s and 1920s.

1897-1920 GOLD
1920-1945 THE AIR AGE
Suggested Readings

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